Hypertension is a common condition in which the pressure inside your blood vessels is too high. It can cause heart disease, stroke, and other serious health problems. Here are five things you need to know about hypertension:
The different types of hypertension:
Hypertension is a serious medical condition in which the blood pressure rises above 130/85 mmHg. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) defines hypertension as a plasma pressure greater than 25 mmHg above the systolic blood pressure (SBP) and 10 mmHg above the diastolic blood pressure (DBP).
There are various types of hypertension, each with its own specific cause and risk factors. Common types of hypertension include essential hypertension, primary arterial hypertension, secondary arterial hypertension, pre-hypertension, and stage 1 or 2 hypertension.
Causes of hypertension
Hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which blood pressure rises above normal levels.
The most common source of hypertension is high blood pressure caused by an imbalance of the two main types of blood vessels: the large arteries and the small arteries. Other causes can be salt sensitivity, age, family history, obesity, and diabetes. Hypertension can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and other serious conditions.
Symptoms of hypertension:
The most common symptom of hypertension is increased blood pressure, which can lead to a variety of other symptoms. Some of the more common symptoms of hypertension include chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, dizziness, and headaches. If left untreated, hypertension can lead to heart problems, stroke, kidney failure, and even death.
Treatment for hypertension
There are many different treatments for hypertension, and each person will respond differently to different treatment methods.
Some people may need only lifestyle changes, while others may need medication or surgery. The best way to find out if you have hypertension and what treatment might work best for you is to see your doctor.
In conclusion, hypertension is a serious medical condition that can be life-threatening if not treated properly. If you are experiencing symptoms such as high blood pressure, consult your doctor as soon as possible for a diagnosis and proper treatment.